OASIS Security Services TC
Hal Lockhart, BEA Systems, Inc.
Brian Campbell, Ping Identity Corporation
Scott Cantor, Internet2
Declared XML Namespaces(s):
This profile defines an extension element for use in attaching SAML attributes to an <md:EntityDescriptor> or <md:EntitiesDescriptor> element, to communicate an arbitrary set of additional information about an entity in its metadata.
This document was last revised or approved by the SSTC on the above date. The level of approval is also listed above. Check the current location noted above for possible later revisions of this document. This document is updated periodically on no particular schedule.
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The non-normative errata page for this specification is located at http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/security.
Copyright © OASIS Open 2009. All Rights Reserved.
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1 Introduction 5
1.1 Notation 5
1.2 Normative References 6
2 SAML V2.0 Metadata Extension for Entity Attributes 7
2.1 Required Information 7
2.2 Profile Overview 7
2.3 Element <mdattr:EntityAttributes> 7
2.4 Assertion Profile 8
3 Conformance 9
3.0.1 SAML V2.0 Metadata Extension for Entity Attributes 9
Appendix A. Acknowledgements 10
Appendix B. Revision History 11
The SAML V2.0 metadata specification [SAML2Meta] includes the <md:Extensions> element in various places, including the <md:EntityDescriptor> and <md:EntitiesDescriptor> elements, for use in extending the specification by carrying externally defined content. This profile defines such an extension element, <mdattr:EntityAttributes>, as a container for one or more <saml:Attribute> or <saml:Assertion> elements. It allows an arbitrary set of attribute information to be carried within an entity's (or a group of entities') metadata to communicate additional information about that entity (or group) to a metadata consumer.
This specification uses normative text.
The keywords "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this specification are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119]:
…they MUST only be used where it is actually required for interoperation or to limit behavior which has potential for causing harm (e.g., limiting retransmissions)…
These keywords are thus capitalized when used to unambiguously specify requirements over protocol and application features and behavior that affect the interoperability and security of implementations. When these words are not capitalized, they are meant in their natural-language sense.
Conventional XML namespace prefixes are used throughout the listings in this specification to stand for their respective namespaces as follows, whether or not a namespace declaration is present in the example:
This is the SAML V2.0 assertion namespace defined in the SAML V2.0 core specification [SAML2Core].
This is the SAML V2.0 metadata namespace defined in the SAML V2.0 metadata specification [SAML2Meta].
This is the namespace defined by this document and its accompanying schema [MetaAttr-xsd].
This namespace is defined in the W3C XML Schema specification [Schema1]. In schema listings, this is the default namespace and no prefix is shown.
This is the XML Schema namespace for schema-related markup that appears in XML instances [Schema1].
This specification uses the following typographical conventions in text: <SAMLElement>, <ns:ForeignElement>, Attribute, Datatype, OtherCode.
[MetaAttr-xsd] S. Cantor. SAML V2.0 Metadata Extension for Entity Attributes Schema. OASIS SSTC, November 2008. Document ID sstc-metadata-attr.xsd. See http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/security/.
[RFC2119] S. Bradner. Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels. IETF RFC 2119, March 1997. http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt.
[SAML2Core] OASIS Standard, Assertions and Protocols for the OASIS Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) V2.0. March 2005. http://docs.oasis-open.org/security/saml/v2.0/saml-core-2.0-os.pdf.
[SAML2Meta] OASIS Standard, Metadata for the OASIS Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) V2.0. March 2005. http://docs.oasis-open.org/security/saml/v2.0/saml-metadata-2.0-os.pdf.
[Schema1] H. S. Thompson et al. XML Schema Part 1: Structures. World Wide Web Consortium Recommendation, May 2001. See http://www.w3.org/TR/2001/REC-xmlschema-1-20010502/. Note that this specification normatively references [Schema2], listed below.
[Schema2] Paul V. Biron, Ashok Malhotra. XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes. World Wide Web Consortium Recommendation, May 2001. See http://www.w3.org/TR/2001/REC-xmlschema-2-20010502/.
Contact information: email@example.com
Description: Given below.
SAML deployments and SAML-enabled applications often make extensive use of the <saml:Attribute> element as a vehicle for carrying and consuming arbitrary structured information about assertion subjects. This profile defines a metadata extension element as a container for one or more such elements, or more generically for communicating a SAML attribute assertion. It allows attribute information to be carried within an entity's (or a group of entities') metadata to communicate additional information about that entity (or group) to a metadata consumer, much as an assertion can carry attributes about a subject.
In some SAML deployments, metadata is often maintained and signed by a third party federation operator, and this mechanism allows that operator to include extensible information (possibly signed by still another party) about the federation's member sites, such as their adherence to optional federation policies. Metadata consumers can then choose to process or ignore such information as they deem necessary.
This profiles defines no specific attributes to be communicated, but additional profiles might leverage it to do so.
The <mdattr:EntityAttributes> element is a wrapper for one or more <saml:Attribute> or <saml:Assertion> elements. Assertions that appear MUST conform to the profile in section 2.4, and will contain only attribute statements. Relying parties MUST process assertions in accordance with the standard processing rules in [SAML2Core].
If this element is used within the <md:Extensions> element of an <md:EntityDescriptor> element, then it binds the enclosed SAML attributes (or the attributes within the enclosed assertions) to the enclosing entity.
If this element is used within the <md:Extensions> element of an <md:EntitiesDescriptor> element, then only <saml:Attribute> elements are to be used; <saml:Assertion> elements MUST NOT be included. The enclosed attributes are bound to each <md:EntityDescriptor> within the enclosing <md:EntitiesDescriptor> element.
The meaning of this element is undefined by this profile if it appears anywhere else within a metadata instance, or within any other XML document.
Finally, this element MUST NOT appear more than once within a given <md:Extensions> element.
The following schema fragment defines the <mdattr:EntityAttributes> element:
All SAML assertions that appear in an <mdattr:EntityAttributes> element MUST conform to the following restrictions:
The assertion's <saml:Subject> element MUST contain a <saml:NameID> element with a Format of urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:nameid-format:entity. The value of the <saml:NameID> MUST correspond to the entityID of the enclosing <md:EntityDescriptor> element.
The assertion's subject element MUST NOT include any <saml:SubjectConfirmation> elements.
One (and only one) <saml:AttributeStatement> element MUST be included. Other statement types MUST NOT be included.
The assertion MUST be independently signed (rather than inheriting a signature from the metadata itelf).
Apart from the above constraints, any other legal assertion content MAY be included, including the <saml:Conditions> element and any conditions within it.
A metadata producer conforms to this profile if it has the ability to produce extended metadata in accordance with section 2.
A metadata consumer conforms to this profile if it can consume extended metadata in accordance with section 2.
The editors would like to acknowledge the contributions of the OASIS Security Services Technical Committee, whose voting members at the time of publication were:
Rob Philpott, EMC Corporation
John Bradley, Individual
Jeff Hodges, Individual
Scott Cantor, Internet2
Nate Klingenstein, Internet2
Bob Morgan, Internet2
Eric Tiffany, Liberty Alliance Project
Tom Scavo, National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA)
Peter Davis, NeuStar, Inc.
Frederick Hirsch, Nokia Corporation
Srinath Godavarthi, Nortel Networks Limited
Paul Madsen, NTT Corporation
Ari Kermaier, Oracle Corporation
Hal Lockhart, Oracle Corporation
Brian Campbell, Ping Identity Corporation
Anil Saldhana, Red Hat
Kent Spaulding, Skyworth TTG Holdings Limited
Eve Maler, Sun Microsystems
Emily Xu, Sun Microsystems
Duane DeCouteau, Veterans Health Administration
David Staggs, Veterans Health Administration
Draft 02, add option for assertions, fix the schema and conformance sections.
Committee Draft 01, CD edits.
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