Ray Denenberg <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Matthew Dovey <email@example.com>
Ray Denenberg firstname.lastname@example.org
Larry Dixson email@example.com
Matthew Dovey firstname.lastname@example.org
Janifer Gatenby Janifer.Gatenby@oclc.org
Ralph LeVan email@example.com
Ashley Sanders a.sanders@MANCHESTER.AC.UK
Rob Sanderson firstname.lastname@example.org
This specification is related to:
This is a binding for HTTP GET. It describes the construction of an http URL to encode parameter values of the form ‘key=value’. Support for Unicode characters is described.
This document was last revised or approved by the OASIS Search Web Services (SWS) TC on the above date. The level of approval is also listed above. Check the “Latest Version” or “Latest Approved Version” location noted above for possible later revisions of this document.
Technical Committee members should send comments on this specification to the Technical Committee’s email list. Others should send comments to the Technical Committee by using the “Send A Comment” button on the Technical Committee’s web page at http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/search-ws
For information on whether any patents have been disclosed that may be essential to implementing this specification, and any offers of patent licensing terms, please refer to the Intellectual Property Rights section of the Technical Committee web page (http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/search-ws/ipr.php.
The non-normative errata page for this specification is located at http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/search-ws/
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This is one of a suite of specifications for the OASIS SWS (Search Web Services) Standard. It is an auxiliary binding, for use by other bindings within the suite.
This binding is for HTTP GET. It describes the construction of an http URL to encode parameter values of the form ‘key=value’. Support for Unicode characters is described.
The key words “MUST”, “MUST NOT”, “REQUIRED”, “SHALL”, “SHALL NOT”, “SHOULD”, “SHOULD NOT”, “RECOMMENDED”, “NOT RECOMMENDED”, “MAY”, and “OPTIONAL” in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119]. When these words are not capitalized in this document, they are meant in their natural language sense.
The client sends a request via the HTTP GET method. The request is a URI as described in RFC 3986. Specifically it is an HTTP URL of the form:
using the standard &-separated key=value encoding for parameters in <searchpart>.
- The base URL is ‘z3950.loc.gov:7090’.
- The value of parameter ‘version’ is “1.2”.
- The value of parameter ‘operation’ is ‘”searchRetrieve”.
- The value of parameter ‘query’ is ”dinosaur”.
Then the URL would be:
And over the wire goes:
The following encoding procedure is recommended, in particular, to accommodate Unicode characters (characters from the Universal Character Set, ISO 10646) beyond U+007F, which are not valid in a URI.
Note: In step 2, it is recommended to percent-encode every character in a value that is not in the URI unreserved set, that is, all except alphabetic characters, decimal digits, and the following four special characters: dash (-), period (.), underscore (_), tilde (~). By this procedure some characters may be percent-encoded that do not need to be -- For example '?' occurring in a value does not need to be percent encoded, but it is safe to do so.
Consider the following parameter:
query=dc.title =/word kirkegård
The name of the parameter is "query" and the value is "dc.title =/word kirkegård"
Note that the first '=' (following "query") must not be percent encoded as it is used as a URI delimiter; it is not part of a parameter name or value. The second '=' (preceding the '/') must be percent encoded as it is part of a value.
The following characters must be percent encoded:
The resulting parameter to be sent to the server would then be:
The following individuals have participated in the creation of this specification and are gratefully acknowledged:
Kerry Blinco, Australian Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations
Ray Denenberg, Library of Congress
Larry Dixson, Library of Congress
Matthew Dovey, JISC
Janifer Gatenby, OCLC/PICS
Ralph LeVan, OCLC
Farrukh Najmi, Wellfleet Software Corporation
Ashley Sanders, University of Manchester
Rob Sanderson, University of Liverpool