Use a learningContentRef element to include a topic reference to a learning content topic as part of a DITA learningObject.

By default, a learningContentRef is expected to link to a learningContent topic. However, a learningContentRef can link to content of any type that you want to use as a learning content in a learning object. In this way, you can structure any existing DITA content as a learning object, and then take advantage of the learning-specific processing available for building and packaging that content for delivery in a learning system or learning context.

The presentation intent for learningContent is that the topic be presented as an atomic unit of presentation, for example, as required by SCORM delivery requirements. Thus the default value for the chunk attribute is "to-content". You may use learningContentComponentRef topicrefs to include subordinate topics.

When you include a reference to a DITA topic that is not learningContent, change the type attribute value to match the type of topic being referenced.


Note: These models represent only the default document types distributed by OASIS. Actual content models will differ with each new document type.
Doctype Content model
learningBookmap, learningMap ( (topicmeta) (optional) then (learningContentComponentRef) (any number) )

Contained by

Doctype Content model
learningBookmap, learningMap learningObject


+ map/topicref learningmap-d/learningContentRef


See learningObject.


Name Description Data Type Default Value Required?
navtitle Specifies the title of the topic as it will appear in the navigation or tables of contents that are generated from the map. Beginning with DITA 1.2, the preferred way to specify the navigation title in a map is with the navtitle element, available inside the topicmeta element. CDATA #IMPLIED No
href A pointer to the resource represented by the <topicref>. See The href attribute for detailed information on supported values and processing implications. References to DITA content cannot be below the topic level: that is, you cannot reference individual elements inside a topic. References to content other than DITA topics should use the format attribute to identify the kind of resource being referenced. CDATA #IMPLIED No
query This attribute is deprecated. It may be removed in the future. CDATA #IMPLIED No
copy-to Use the copy-to attribute on the <topicref> element to provide a different file name for a particular instance of the topic in the map (for example, to separate out the different versions of the topic, rather than combining them on output). The links and navigation associated with that instance will point to a copy of the topic with the file name you specified.

Use the <linktext> and <shortdesc> in the <topicref>'s <topicmeta> to provide a unique name and short description for the new copy.

type The topic type of the map reference. CDATA learningContent or topic or task or concept or reference IMPLIED
topicref-atts attribute group (collection-type, processing-role, type, scope, locktitle, format, linking, toc, print, search, chunk) A set of related attributes. See topicref-atts, topicref-atts-no-toc, and topicref-atts-without-format attribute groups.      
univ-atts attribute group (includes select-atts, id-atts, and localization-atts groups) A set of related attributes, described in univ-atts attribute group      
global-atts attribute group (xtrf, xtrc) A set of related attributes, described in global-atts attribute group      
class, outputclass, keyref Keyref provides a redirectable reference based on a key defined within a map. See The keyref attribute for information on using this attribute. Class and outputclass are described in Other common DITA attributes      

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OASIS DITA Version 1.2 -- OASIS Standard, 1 December 2010
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